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A

A   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

The 1st letter of the Roman alphabet as used for English. It descends from the Phoenician symbol for a glottal stop...

abacus

abacus   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
452 words

A mechanical device for making arithmetic calculations, the abacus is a precursor to, and a very primitive form of a

Abbreviation

Abbreviation   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
1,245 words

A word formation process involving the shortening of words and phrases in a variety of ways, such as in RADAR...

abductive reasoning

abductive reasoning   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,246 words

is the process of adopting an explanatory hypothesis, which according to Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) is the first

Abélard, Pierre

Abélard, Pierre (1079–1142)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,617 words

(1079–1142),

French theologian and philosopher. Born and schooled in Brittany, Abélard studied in Paris under the philosophers

Ablaut

Ablaut   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A term used in linguistics for vowel gradation, typically where the vowel alternation (e.g. mouse/mice) marks grammatical information (e.g. a type of ...

Aboriginal English

Aboriginal English   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
A dialect of English spoken by Aboriginal people(s) in Australia, which sounds similar to australian english but differs in some semantic and pragmatic ways. It is sometimes referred to by ... More
Abridgement

Abridgement   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

1. The act, process, or result of shortening or condensing a text, usually to a given length such as half or one-third, or to a required number of words....

Absolute

Absolute   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A term, borrowed from Latin, meaning free from dependency, autonomous. Traditionally, it is used to refer to a type of phrase or clause, i.e. ...

Absolute Construction

Absolute Construction   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A clause-like construction that typically takes the form of a non-finite subordinate clause, e.g. ‘The dinner having been prepared...

Abstract

Abstract   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

1. A summary of a statement, thesis, paper, or other document, usually providing its gist (essential elements and argument). See...

Abusage

Abusage   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

An archaic term for abuse, misuse, a nominalized form from the verb abuse. It was revived in 1942 by Eric Partridge...

Abuse

Abuse   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
1. Wrong or improper use of anyone or anything. The term is often (usually emotively) applied to language: Some native speakers claim that the ... ... More
Academic English

Academic English   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
The register of English used in academic contexts, for example by students, scholars, and scientists: an elevated and often complex style associated with concern for accuracy, objectivity, ... More
Accent

Accent   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

1. A way of speaking that indicates a person’s place of origin and/or social class: a working-class accent, a London accent, a working-class London accent...

Acceptability

Acceptability   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A term in linguistics relating to whether a phrase or sentence is grammatically or semantically acceptable. Compare correct; grammaticality.

Accidence

Accidence   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
The part of traditional grammar dealing with inflection (changes in the forms of words to express such grammatical meanings as case, number, and tense). In English, the differences between ... More
Acrolect

Acrolect   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

1. The variety of language in a post-creole continuum closest to the standard or superstrate language: for example, in Jamaica a local variety of standard English....

Acronym

Acronym   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

An abbreviation formed from the first letters of a series of words and pronounced as one word: NATO from North Atlantic Treaty Organization...

actantial model

actantial model   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
2,032 words
Illustration(s):
1

Actant is a term that was introduced into narratology and semiotics in 1966 by Algirdas Julien Greimas as a synonym

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