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Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Carole R. McCann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The legal status of abortion in the United States has undergone dramatic shifts, while its practice has been consistent. Throughout

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane   Reference library

Louise W. Knight

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

(1860–1935), Progressive Era political activist. Jane Addams was one of the nation’s most admired and effective

Adolescence

Adolescence   Reference library

Miriam Forman-Brunell

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The modern concept of “adolescence”—the word comes from the Latin adolescere, meaning “to grow up”—dates back to an early

Adoption

Adoption   Reference library

Ellen Herman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

Since ancient times and in all human cultures, children have been transferred from adults who would not or could not

Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action   Reference library

Matthew Dallek and Paul S. Boyer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The term “affirmative action” first appeared in a legislative context in the 1935 National Labor Relations Act and was later

African American Emigration

African American Emigration   Reference library

Winston James

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

Two powerful and recurring motifs have marked the African American experience in the United States, resistance and flight: resistance

African Americans

African Americans   Reference library

Joe W. Trotter Jr.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The African American community has its roots in the great migration of peoples from the Old World to the New.

African Immigrants, Recent

African Immigrants, Recent   Reference library

John A. Arthur

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

By the early twenty-first century, Africans had a full presence in the new global migration circuits. According to the U.S.

Alaska

Alaska   Reference library

John Radzilowski

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

Alaska was purchased by the United States in 1867 from Russia. It had been a Russian colony since being claimed

Alcatraz Island, Occupation of (1969)

Alcatraz Island, Occupation of (1969)   Reference library

Kent Blansett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

On 20 November 1969, more than eighty American Indians from the organization Indians of All Tribes (IAT) claimed Alcatraz,

Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse   Reference library

Sarah W. Tracy

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

Alcohol looms large in American history, and attitudes toward it have been linked to myriad reformist causes, have reflected many

Aliens during Wartime

Aliens during Wartime   Reference library

Stephen Mak

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The wartime experience of aliens—or noncitizens—in the United States has varied considerably since the country’s independence from Great Britain: America’s

Allen, Richard

Allen, Richard   Reference library

Richard Newman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

(1760–1831), founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Richard Allen was born in 1760, probably

American Association of Retired Persons

American Association of Retired Persons   Reference library

W. Andrew Achenbaum

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) arose out of an effort by a prominent Los Angeles high school principal

American Indian Movement

American Indian Movement   Reference library

Larry Burt

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

Of the various forms of ethnic and racial nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s, the American Indian Movement

American Legion

American Legion   Reference library

Lynn Dumenil

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The American Legion, an organization open to all military wartime veterans, was founded in 1919 by a handful of World

Americanization Movement

Americanization Movement   Reference library

Diana Selig

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The Americanization movement aimed to bring new immigrants into citizenship and to acculturate them to American society. It emerged in

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