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Abernethy, John

Abernethy, John (1764–1831)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1831),

as president of the Royal College of Surgeons, one of the most influential men in the medical

abolitionism

abolitionism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

a slippery term covering both the movement for the abolition of the slave trade, achieved by an Act of Parliament

Ackermann, Rudolph

Ackermann, Rudolph (1764–1834)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1834),

publisher and bookseller. Born in Saxony, Ackermann moved to London in the 1780s, where, after a

Act of Union

Act of Union   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

the Act of Parliament of 1800 which dissolved the old independent Irish parliament of 1782 and integrated Ireland constitutionally with

Adam, Robert

Adam, Robert (1728–92)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1728–92),

architect and designer. Pre-eminent designer of town and country residences for the nation's élite, Adam developed

advertising

advertising   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

The commercialization of British society was manifested in and sustained by an expanding advertising industry which assumed its modern shape

agrarianism

agrarianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

loosely termed ‘back to the land’, was a defining characteristic of popular radicalism. Some agrarians, like Thomas *Spence, called

agricultural revolution

agricultural revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

is a contested historical term designed to denote a transformation in agricultural output and *agrarian practice, chiefly in England, between

Aikin family

Aikin family   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

John (1747–1822), Arthur (1773–1854), and Lucy (1781–1864), together with John's sister, Anna Laetitia *Barbauld

allegory

allegory   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

S. T. *Coleridge provides the paradigmatic instance of the Romantic rejection, at the level of *literary theory [41], of

Allen, William

Allen, William (1770–1843)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1770–1843),

scientist and *philanthropist. Born into a *Quaker family of manufacturers, Allen trained as a *chemist,

almanacs

almanacs   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

were calendars, either book or broadsheet, many of which included *astrological predictions as part of their overview of the year

American Revolution

American Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

From the British perspective, the American Revolution (1775–83) began as a rebellion, continued as a civil war, and

Amiens, Peace of

Amiens, Peace of   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

between Britain and France, was signed on 25 March 1802 and lasted until hostilities were renewed in May 1803.

Anatomy Act

Anatomy Act   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

of 1832, enabling the unclaimed bodies of institutionalized paupers to be sold to anatomy schools for dissection. Traditionally, the

Anglicanism

Anglicanism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
1,452 words

The term strictly applies to the system of belief and worship embraced by those in religious communion with the see

animal magnetism

animal magnetism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

Often known in Europe as mesmerism, animal magnetism comprised a body of quasi-scientific—especially medical—doctrines and practices associated with the teachings

Anti-Jacobin review and newspaper

Anti-Jacobin review and newspaper   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

The Anti-Jacobin Review was founded in 1798 to take the place of the short-lived Anti-Jacobin weekly *newspaper. The latter

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Popular antiquarianism is the study of British national culture: of English, Welsh, Gaelic, and Irish as vernacular languages, and of

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,949 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Between the mid-1770s and the mid-1830s, architecture in Britain flourished as hundreds of new buildings for government, industry, commerce, culture,

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