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abbreviation

abbreviation   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
790 words

An extremely common feature in medieval manuscripts, and to a lesser, but still significant, extent in early modern writing, an

abecedarium

abecedarium   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
91 words

Derived from ‘ABC’, the term ‘abecedarium’ (plural: abecedaria), sometimes italicized as abecedarium or rendered as ‘abecedary’, means a tablet or

Abernethy, John

Abernethy, John (1764–1831)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1831),

as president of the Royal College of Surgeons, one of the most influential men in the medical

abolitionism

abolitionism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

a slippery term covering both the movement for the abolition of the slave trade, achieved by an Act of Parliament

abridgement

abridgement   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
140 words

An abridgement is a shortened or condensed version of a text. Abridgements were made in manuscript and later in printed

abstract

abstract   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
88 words

An abstract is a brief summary, epitome, or precis of a work, text, or document. Abstracts are often found, for

accent

accent   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
90 words

Accents in writing are marks (technically diacritical marks) qualifying certain letters to indicate particular meanings, sound values, or stresses on

accounts

accounts   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
445 words

Accounts are financial documents detailing expenditure and income, often drawn up systematically in columns, with appropriate calculations. An account book

achievement

achievement   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
60 words

In heraldry, an achievement is a pictorial representation of a family's complete insignia or armorial devices, including their coat of

Ackermann, Rudolph

Ackermann, Rudolph (1764–1834)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1834),

publisher and bookseller. Born in Saxony, Ackermann moved to London in the 1780s, where, after a

acquittance

acquittance   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
78 words

An acquittance is a document normally written to acknowledge that records have been audited and found to be in order.

Act of Union

Act of Union   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

the Act of Parliament of 1800 which dissolved the old independent Irish parliament of 1782 and integrated Ireland constitutionally with

Acta Curiæ

Acta Curiæ   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
102 words

Acta Curiæ (the Latin meaning ‘acts of court’), sometimes known as Registers of the Chancellor's (or Vice-Chancellor's) Court, are records

Adam, Robert

Adam, Robert (1728–92)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1728–92),

architect and designer. Pre-eminent designer of town and country residences for the nation's élite, Adam developed

address

address   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
307 words

An address may be a formal speech delivered to an audience (the Gettysburg Address of Abraham Lincoln on 19 November

addressee

addressee   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
76 words

An addressee is the person to whom a letter is addressed. Addressees or recipients of letters have often contributed to

adversaria

adversaria   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
105 words

Adversaria, or in its Latinized form adversaria, is a term applied to a merchant's waste book and hence to

advertising

advertising   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

The commercialization of British society was manifested in and sustained by an expanding advertising industry which assumed its modern shape

advowson

advowson   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
44 words

An advowson is the patronage of an ecclesiastical office, or of a religious house, and consequent right of presentation to

aerogramme

aerogramme   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
65 words

An aerogramme is a type of lightweight printed stationery manufactured specifically for use as a letter sent by air. Aerogrammes

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