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A′ccius, Lucius

A′ccius, Lucius (170–c.86 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
277 words

Latin poet and literary scholar, from Picenum in Umbria. He was a younger contemporary of the tragedian *Pacuvius and

Abdera

Abdera   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
55 words

Greek city on the coast of Thrace, founded in the seventh century bc and refounded in the sixth by

Abȳ′dos

Abȳ′dos   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
34 words

Milesian colony on the eastern, Asiatic, side of the Hellespont, at its narrowest point. Here *Xerxes crossed to Europe

Acadē′mica

Acadē′mica (‘Concerning Academic philosophy’)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
134 words

Dialogue by *Cicero (1) of 45 bc discussing the philosophical views of the Greek New *Academy, particularly

Academy

Academy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
497 words

Originally a shrine to a *hero, Akademos, and a public gymnasium just north of Athens near the hill

Aca'stus

Aca'stus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
22 words

Son of *Pelias and Anaxibia, and brother of Alcestis. He sailed with the *Argonauts against his father's wishes.

acatalectic

acatalectic   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
6 words

A metrical term; see catalectic.

accents, Greek

accents, Greek   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
342 words

The diacritic marks ´ (acute), ˆ (circumflex) and ` (grave) placed over vowels to indicate the pitch of the predominant

accidence

accidence   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
40 words

That aspect of grammar which is concerned with inflections, i.e. the various modifications which might be applied to any individual

Acha′rnians

Acha′rnians   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
441 words

The earliest surviving complete Attic Greek comedy. Written by *Aristophanes, it achieved first prize at the *Lenaea

Achae'a

Achae'a   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
196 words

Geographical terms referring to Greece which changed their meaning over time. (See also Ahhiyawa.)

1. In Homer's epics

Achaean confederacy

Achaean confederacy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
174 words

A federal organization which in the third and second centuries bc was the chief power in Greece. A revival in

Achaemenids

Achaemenids   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
89 words

Members of one of the three clans of the Pasargadae tribe to which Herodotus believed the Persian kings belonged. They

Acharnae

Acharnae   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
41 words

The largest Attic deme or district, lying north-west of Athens near the foot of Mount Parnes, whose inhabitants, charcoal-burners (according

Achā'tēs

Achā'tēs   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
41 words

In Virgil's Aeneid, the friend and lieutenant of Aeneas, frequently referred to as fidus Achates, ‘faithful Achates’. He

A'cheron

A'cheron   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
64 words

In Greek myth, one of the rivers of the Underworld (see Hades). The name was also that of

Achillē'id

Achillē'id   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
99 words

Latin epic poem in hexameters by the Roman poet *Statius on the story of *Achilles, of which

Achi'llēs

Achi'llēs   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
579 words

In Greek myth, the greatest of the Greek heroes in the Trojan War and the central character of Homer's *

Achi'llēs Ta'tius

Achi'llēs Ta'tius (fl. ad 150)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
22 words

Author of the Greek novel *Leucippe and Cleitophon.

Aco'ntius

Aco'ntius   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
75 words

In myth, a young man from the Greek island of Ceos. He was in love with an Athenian girl Cydippe,

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