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acculturation

acculturation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
112 words

The development of new cultural traits or identities as a result of cross-cultural contact. It can refer to situations of

acephalous society

acephalous society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
59 words

A society that operates without a formally recognized or stable leadership structure. It is associated primarily with *foragers and

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
6,732 words
Illustration(s):
2

This entry comprises two articles. The introductory article provides a discussion of the origins and phylogeny of HIV; the companion

action theory

action theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
128 words

A line of inquiry within *political anthropology during the 1960s and 1970s concerned with the daily activities, decision-making processes,

activist anthropology

activist anthropology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
124 words

The practice of collaborative research and action with (typically, but not always, socially marginalized) people involved in a political struggle.

actor-network theory

actor-network theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
136 words

An approach to the study of social relations rejecting the idea that ‘social forces’ cause human action, holding instead that

adaptation

adaptation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
105 words

Genetic, biological, or behavioural adjustments that play a functional role in the ability of organisms to survive and/or reproduce in

Adaptation

Adaptation   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

Adaptation refers to the many properties of organisms that enable those organisms to stay alive and reproduce. Adaptation is one

adjudication

adjudication   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
109 words

A form of *dispute resolution in which a third-party individual or council with socially recognized authority intervenes in a

advocacy anthropology

advocacy anthropology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
94 words

The practice of providing direct vocal or political support for subjects in an anthropological research project. It is one of

aesthetics

aesthetics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
79 words

The sensory experience and qualitative perception of objects. Aesthetic properties include an object’s physical dimensions (i.e. texture, form, smell, taste,

affine

affine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
108 words

A *kinship relationship created through *marriage as opposed to birth (known as a consanguineal, or ‘blood’, relationship). Affinity

age-class system

age-class system   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
108 words

The organization of individuals (in most cases men) into formal groupings by age (‘age sets’) that pass through defined life

agency

agency   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
110 words

The human capacity for effective action in and on the world. In Western philosophical traditions, agency is often associated with

agriculture

agriculture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
123 words

A *subsistence strategy based on the intentional cultivation and harvesting of plants and/or the raising of livestock. As a

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
6,017 words
Illustration(s):
1

This entry comprises two articles. The first article provides an account of the times and places of earliest centers of

Alarm Calls

Alarm Calls   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

Alarm calls are highly conspicuous vocalizations given by animals when they encounter a predator. In some bird species, alarm calls

Algae

Algae   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

What are algae? Such a simple question, but there is no simple answer. Algae are important, ubiquitous, and diverse; they

alliance theory

alliance theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
123 words

A theory that emphasizes the importance of kinship relations created through *marriage as opposed to *descent. Developed

Alloparental Care

Alloparental Care   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

Alloparental care is parentlike behavior that is typically performed by individuals that are not the parent of the recipient. The

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