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Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, The Royal

Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, The Royal   Reference library

Joseph A. Kéchichian

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
769 words

The Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought is an independent non-governmental institute headquartered in Amman, Jordan, whose ultimate purpose

Abangan

Abangan   Reference library

William E. Shepard

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
912 words

The term Abangan is applied to Javanese who identify as Muslims but do not strictly follow the prescribed Islamic practices.

ʿAbbāsid Caliphate

ʿAbbāsid Caliphate   Reference library

Hugh Kennedy and Ken Burnside

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,178 words

The rise of the ʿAbbāsid caliphate was the first fissure in Islamic culture; it would eventually result in the Shīʿī

ʿAbd al-Rāziq, ʿAlī

ʿAbd al-Rāziq, ʿAlī (1888–1966)   Reference library

Laith Saud

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
827 words

ʿAbd al-Rāziq's contribution to Islamic political thought is his most enduring, as well as ambiguous, legacy. In 1925, his

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad (1849–1905)   Reference library

Scott Morrison

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,639 words

whose opinions and convictions were firmly based in the possibility of synthesizing Islam and modernity.

The historical, intellectual, and political

Abdülhamid II

Abdülhamid II   Reference library

Engin Deniz Akarli

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,257 words

Abdülhamid II, (1842–1918), was the thirty-fourth Ottoman sultan (r. 1876–1909). A profound political and economic crisis brought

Abū Bakr

Abū Bakr   Reference library

Asma Afsaruddin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
536 words

The first caliph (khalīfah), or successor to the Prophet Muḥammad, ruled for only two years (632–634), but his

Abū Yūsuf, Yaʿqūb ibn Ibrāhīm al-Anṣārī

Abū Yūsuf, Yaʿqūb ibn Ibrāhīm al-Anṣārī (731–798)   Reference library

Abdessamad Belhaj

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,146 words

Yaʿqūb b. Ibrāhīm b. Ḥabīb b. Khunays al-Anṣārī, (c. 731–798), known as Abū Yūsuf al-qāḍī, was a preeminent Ḥanafī

Abū Zahrah, Muḥammad

Abū Zahrah, Muḥammad (1898–1974)   Reference library

Kelly Al-Dakkak

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
847 words

He was born in El-Mahalla El-Kubra and attended elementary school at the Ahmadi School. He later studied at the Madrasat

Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi

Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi   Reference library

Hazem Kandil

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,199 words

The Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (Justice and Development Party; AKP) is a Turkish political party that was formed in 2001

Administration

Administration   Reference library

Ovamir Anjum

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,681 words

Despite its diversity in different times and places, premodern Islamic governance was based on a number of distinctive administrative institutions

Afghānī, Jamāl al-Dīn al-

Afghānī, Jamāl al-Dīn al- (1838/1839–1897)   Reference library

Nikki R. Keddie and Nael Shama

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,770 words

Controversial during his lifetime, al-Afghānī has become since his death one of the most influential figures in the Muslim world.

Afghanistan

Afghanistan   Reference library

M. Nazif Shahrani and Elaheh Rostami-Povey

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,665 words

This entry contains two subentries: Overview and Afghanistan, 2001 U.S. Invasion of.

Africa Muslim Party

Africa Muslim Party   Reference library

Abdin Chande

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
876 words

The Africa Muslim Party (AMP) of South Africa was founded in 1994, with Gulam Sabdia as its chairman and

Aḥbāsh, al-

Aḥbāsh, al-   Reference library

Mustafa Kabha, Haggai Erlich, and Joseph A. Kéchichian

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
946 words

Officially registered as the Association of Islamic Philanthropic Projects (Jamʿīyat al-Mashariʿ al-Khayrīyah al-Islāmīyah), al-Aḥbāsh was established in Beirut in 1983

Ahl al-Ḥall wa-al-ʿAqd

Ahl al-Ḥall wa-al-ʿAqd   Reference library

Wael B. Hallaq

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
807 words

Those who are qualified to act on behalf of the Muslim community in electing a caliph are known as ahl

Aḥmad Khān, Sayyid

Aḥmad Khān, Sayyid   Reference library

Hafeez Malik

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,079 words

The family of Sir Sayyid Aḥmad Khān (1817–1898), an Indian Islamic modernist writer and political activist, claimed lineal descent from

Ahmad, Eqbal

Ahmad, Eqbal   Reference library

Emran Qureshi and John Trumpbour

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,324 words

A critical thinker on world politics and the contemporary Arab-Islamic world, Eqbal Ahmad (1933–1999) wrote prolifically on the rise of

Ahmad, Israr

Ahmad, Israr (1932–2010)   Reference library

Rizwan Hussain

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,063 words

of the Pakistani Sunnī Islamist organization Tanzīm-i Islāmī (Islamic Organization). He advocated Islamic revival and the establishment of an Islamic

Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud

Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud   Reference library

Joseph A. Kéchichian and Nael Shama

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
849 words

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Ahmadi Nejad) was popularly elected as the sixth president of Iran on 24 June 2005 to serve a

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