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1950s

1950s: 1950 - 1959  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
US state department official Alger Hiss is sentenced to a five-year prison sentence, after being convicted of perjury in a second trial
1960s

1960s: 1960 - 1969  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
UK prime minister Harold Macmillan, in Cape Town, warns the white settlers of Africa that 'the wind of change' is blowing through their continent
1970s

1970s: 1970 - 1979  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
US author Maya Angelou publishes her autobiographical first novel, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
1980s

1980s: 1980 - 1989  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
The small firm of Microsoft wins the contract to provide the operating system of the IBM personal computer
1990s

1990s: 1990 - 1999  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Panama's dictator, Manuel Noriega, is captured by US troops and taken to Miami on drug trafficking charges
21st century

21st century: 2000 - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Trade unionist Morgan Tsvangirai leads a newly formed party in Zimbabwe, the MDC (Movement for Democratic Change)
9/11

9/11   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
655 words
Illustration(s):
1

The term “9/11” is shorthand for the events of 11 September 2001. On that date, four U.S. planes were

A. J. Foyt

A. J. Foyt  

(1935– )US motor racing driver, who has won more races and set more records in many different types of cars and events than any other driver.Foyt was born in Houston Heights, Texas, and grew up in a ...
Aaland Islands

Aaland Islands  

Some 6,500 islands in the Gulf of Bothnia, between Finland and Sweden. They were part of Sweden until 1809, when, together with Finland, they were annexed by Russia. After the collapse of the Russian ...
Aaland Islands

Aaland Islands   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
112 words
Some 6,500 islands in the Gulf of Bothnia, between Finland and Sweden. They were part of Sweden until 1809, when, together with Finland, they were annexed by Russia. After the collapse of ... More
Abacha, Sani

Abacha, Sani (20 Sept. 1943)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
196 words

Born in northern Nigeria of the Hausa people, he was educated at the local government college before entering the army in ...

Abbas, Ferhat

Abbas, Ferhat (24 Aug. 1899)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
132 words

A student of chemistry, he founded a Muslim students' association in 1924. Abbas fought in the French army from 1939...

Abbas, Mahmoud

Abbas, Mahmoud (26 Mar. 1935)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
484 words

Born in a town near the Sea of Galilee, he fled to Syria in 1948, and studied both in Damascus and in Moscow. After his return he co-founded ...

Abbott, Tony

Abbott, Tony (4 Nov. 1957)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
261 words
Born in the UK, he arrived in Australia with his parents in 1960. He studied economics and law at the University of Sydney, and then, as a Rhodes scholar, went to Oxford University and ... More
Abboud, Ibrahim

Abboud, Ibrahim (26 Oct. 1900)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
102 words

Educated at Gordon College, Khartoum, he became a soldier and, after distinguished service with the British army in World War II, became a general in ...

Abd al-Ilah ibn Ali ibn Hussein

Abd al-Ilah ibn Ali ibn Hussein  

(b. 1912, d. 14 July 1958).Regent of Iraq Born in Hejaz as the grandson of Hussein ibn Ali, he became regent of Iraq for his 4-year-old cousin Faisal II, after the death of his brother-in-law, King ...
Abd al-Ilah ibn Ali ibn Hussein

Abd al-Ilah ibn Ali ibn Hussein (1913)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
123 words

The grandson of *Hussein ibn Ali, he became regent of Iraq for his 4-year-old cousin *Faisal II, after the death of his brother-in-law, King Ghazi in ...

Abd el-Krim

Abd el-Krim (1882)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
187 words
Educated at Fes, he became a teacher and journalist, and then rose through the ranks of the Spanish administration of northern Morocco to become chief justice for Mellila district in ... ... More
Abdelaziz Bouteflika

Abdelaziz Bouteflika  

(b. 2 Mar. 1937).Algerian President, 1999–  Born in Morocco, he joined the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) in 1956. Following independence he served as Foreign Minister (1962–79) under Ben Bella ...
Abdication Crisis

Abdication Crisis ((UK))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
175 words

This crisis in the British establishment was provoked by King *Edward VIII's desire to marry a twice-divorced American, ...

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