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Aachen, Hans von

Aachen, Hans von (1552–1615)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
131 words

(1552–1615),

German painter, born in Cologne, the son of a native of Aachen. He studied and worked in

Aal, Johannes

Aal, Johannes (c.1500–1551)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

(c.1500–1551),

Swiss playwright. Aal's Catholic convictions forced him into exile in Freiburg im Breisgau. When the Catholic

abacus

abacus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
144 words

The abacus uses counters to carry out operations in arithmetic. In the Renaissance the instrument usually took the form of

abacus schools

abacus schools   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
394 words

From the late thirteenth century onwards, many towns and guilds paid an ‘abacus master’ to teach mathematics to a given

Abaquesne, Masséot

Abaquesne, Masséot (fl.1528–64)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

(fl.1528–64),

French potter who established the manufacturing of Faience in Rouen. His workshop specialized in tile pavements

Abravanel, Isaac

Abravanel, Isaac (1437–1508)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
231 words

(1437–1508),

Portuguese Jewish statesman, banker, and scholar, born in Lisbon and educated in both rabbinical and Latin learning.

Abril, Pedro Simón

Abril, Pedro Simón (c.1530–c.1595)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
155 words

(c.1530–c.1595),

Spanish humanist, born in Alcaraz (La Mancha). Abril taught for 25 years at Zaragoza

academies

academies   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
1,412 words

The learned societies of Renaissance Europe adopted the term ‘academy’ in imitation of the Academy established by Plato, whose

Acanthus

Acanthus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

A Mediterranean plant for which the English vernacular name is bear's breech. The scalloped leaves of Acanthus spinosus were, according

Acarie, Barbe Jeanne

Acarie, Barbe Jeanne (1566–1618)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
198 words

(1566–1618),

French Carmelite, born in Paris, the daughter of a royal councillor, and educated by the Poor Clares

Acciaiuoli, Donato

Acciaiuoli, Donato (1429–78)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
120 words

(1429–78),

Florentine scholar and statesman, a scion of the Acciaiuoli family. He studied Greek with John Argyropoulos

Acciaiuoli family

Acciaiuoli family   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
232 words

Members of the Acciaiuoli family migrated to Florence from Bergamo in the twelfth century, and established themselves in business and

Accolti family

Accolti family   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
419 words

The Arezzo family of the Accolti produced jurists, churchmen, and writers for centuries. The family had already produced several distinguished

Accoramboni, Vittoria

Accoramboni, Vittoria (1557–85)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
461 words

(1557–85),

Born in Gubbio on 15 February 1557; she moved to Rome as a child, and at

Ackermann, Hans

Ackermann, Hans   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

(fl. 1530s),

German author of two biblical plays performed in Zwickau; both Der verlorene Sohn (1536) and

Acontius, Jacobus

Acontius, Jacobus (1492–1566)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
185 words

(1492–1566),

Tolerationist theologian and engineer. He was born in Trento (Trentino) and migrated to escape persecution, first to

acorn cup

acorn cup   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

In late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century England, a stemmed cup made of silver or gold in which the bowl and

Acosta, José de

Acosta, José de (1539–1600)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
288 words

(1539–1600),

Spanish missionary and naturalist, born in Medina del Campo; he joined the Jesuits in 1551. In

Acuña, Fernando de

Acuña, Fernando de (c.1520–c.1580)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

(c.1520–c.1580),

Spanish soldier, poet, and translator, born in Valladolid; he served as a soldier in

Adamson, Patrick

Adamson, Patrick (1537–92)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

(1537–92).

Created archbishop of St Andrews in 1576 and ambassador to London between 1583 and 1584, Adamson

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