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Abu Ghurob

Abu Ghurob  

A New Kingdom site, situated in Middle Egypt at the edge of the Faiyum, 3.75 kilometers (about 2.5 miles) due west of the point where the Bahr Yussuf branch of ...
Abu Rowash

Abu Rowash  

Located in the continuation of Gebel el-Ghigiga, the western fringe of the Nile Valley (30°2′N, 31°4′E). The archaeological area of Abu Rowash, which belongs to the very northern part of ...
Abusir

Abusir  

An archaeological locality on the western bank of the Nile River, approximately 25 kilometers (15 miles) southwest of Cairo (29°56′N, 31°13′E). Its name was derived from the Egyptian Per-Usire, in ...
Abydos

Abydos  

A site, ancient ʒbḏw, situated in the ancient Thinite nome (eighth Upper Egyptian nome) in southern Egypt (26°11′N 31°55′E). On the western side of the Nile, the site is on ...
Administration

Administration  

This is a three-part article covering State Administration, Provincial Administration, and Temple Administration.Administration is the socioeconomic institution installed to control resources within ...
Administrative Texts

Administrative Texts  

Result from a selective deployment of writing in control of resources on estates. Most surviving ancient Egyptian administrative texts derive from the two spheres of the state economy: royal domain ...
A-group

A-group  

The archaeological designation for an indigenous Nubian culture; the term “A-Group” was introduced by George A. Reisner (1910) in his chronological model of the Nubian cultures, but it came into ...
Ahmose-Nefertari

Ahmose-Nefertari  

Wife of the founder of the eighteenth dynasty, New Kingdom, Ahmose (r.1569–1545bce), and the mother of his son and successor, Amenhotpe I (r.1545–1525bce). She died at some point during the ...
Akh

Akh  

(Eg., ʒḫ),a term that occurs regularly throughout ancient Egyptian secular and religious texts, represented by the crested ibis hieroglyph. The akh-concept appears to have no intrinsic relation to ...
Amenemhat of Beni Hasan

Amenemhat of Beni Hasan  

(fl. 1950 bce).Amenemhat, the short form of whose name was Ameni, was the “Great Overlord of the Oryx nome” (the sixteenth Egyptian nome [province]) and the owner of tomb ...
Amenemhet I

Amenemhet I  

(r. 1991–1962bce),first king of the twelfth dynasty, Middle Kingdom. In the fictitious prophecy of Amenemhet I's accession, as told by the sage Neferti at King Sneferu's court, Amenemhet is ...
Amenemhet III

Amenemhet III  

(r. 1843–1797bce),sixth king of the twelfth dynasty, Middle Kingdom. He was the son of Senwosret III (r. 1878–1843bce), with whom he shared the throne for an unknown length of ...
Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III  

(Glass: Akhnaten). King of the Pharaohs, husband of Queen Tye and father of Akhnaten. He has died just before the action begins.
Amenhotep, Son of Hapu

Amenhotep, Son of Hapu  

(c. 1430–1345?),famous courtier during the reign of Amenhotpe III of the eighteenth dynasty. Amenhotep, son of Hapu, was born into a modest family during the reign of Thutmose III ...
Amenhotpe I

Amenhotpe I  

(r. 1545–1525bce),second king of the eighteenth dynasty, New Kingdom. Although certainly the son of the previous king Ahmose (r. 1569–1545bce) and his wife Ahmose-Nefertari, his other family ties ...
Amenhotpe II

Amenhotpe II  

(r. 1454–1419bce),sixth king of the eighteenth dynasty, New Kingdom. He was the son and successor of Thutmose III. Amenhotpe II's mother was Hatshepsut, the last Great Royal Wife of ...
Ancient Historians

Ancient Historians  

The earliest extant classical writer to mention Egypt is the Greek epic poet Homer. He says little, but his comments had a considerable effect in orienting interest and confirming attitudes ...
Aniba

Aniba  

Ancient Miam (Mjʿm), was founded during the Middle Kingdom, perhaps under Senwosret I (22°40′N, 32°01′E). During the New Kingdom, it served as the administrative capital of colonized Wawat (Lower ...
Ankhsheshonqy

Ankhsheshonqy  

The Instructions of Ankhsheshonqy is the name given to a collection of aphorisms preserved in a Demotic manuscript dating to the first century bce (British Museum EA 10508). The text ...
Ankhtifi of Moʿalla

Ankhtifi of Moʿalla  

Nomarch of the third Upper Egyptian nome, is known from the inscriptions in the chapel of his rock-cut tomb situated in Moʿalla (ancient Hefat, about 40 kilometers/25 miles south of ...

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