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A′ccius, Lucius

A′ccius, Lucius (170–c.86 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
277 words

Latin poet and literary scholar, from Picenum in Umbria. He was a younger contemporary of the tragedian *Pacuvius and

Aachen ambo ivories

Aachen ambo ivories   Reference library

John Hanson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

The *ambo at the cathedral in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) is embellished with six *ivories probably of the early 8th

Aba I, Mar

Aba I, Mar (552)   Reference library

J. F. Coakley

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Author and *catholicus of the *Church of the East. He was a former Persian official converted from

Ab Actis

Ab Actis   Reference library

Alexander Skinner

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A senior member of the *officium of a *Praefectus Praetorio, *Praefectus Urbi, *Vicarius,

Abacus

Abacus   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
39 words

Uppermost element of a capital on a column or pilaster. On the Doric, Ionic and Tuscan orders of architecture it

abacus

abacus   Reference library

William David Ross and Michael Vickers

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
101 words

a counting-board, the usual aid to reckoning in antiquity. The Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans alike used a board with vertical

Abaris

Abaris   Reference library

Alan H. Griffiths

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
139 words

legendary devotee of *Apollo from the far north, a shamanistic missionary and saviour-figure like *Aristeas whom *Pindar

Abasgia

Abasgia   Reference library

Manana Odisheli

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Abasgia occupied the north-east shore of the Black Sea. It was part of Colchis where the *cities of Gyenos

Abaton

Abaton   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
26 words

[Gr.: ‘untrodden’].

An enclosure attached to a temple of Asklepios, where patients not in a state of ritual purity could

‘Abbasids

‘Abbasids (in Umayyad times)   Reference library

Konstantin Klein and Andrew Marsham

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Caliphal dynasty (750–1258) who seized the *caliphate from the *Umayyads in the so-called ‘Abbasid Revolution of 747–50. The

Abbayei

Abbayei (278–338)   Reference library

Isaiah Gafni

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Head of the Babylonian rabbinic academy of *Pumbedita. Following the early deaths of his parents, Abbayei was raised

Abbo

Abbo (751)   Reference library

Hans Hummer

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Rector of Maurienne and Susa (726) and probably *Patricius of *Provence (739–c.751). He founded the *

‘Abd al-Hamid b. Yahya al-Katib

‘Abd al-Hamid b. Yahya al-Katib (750)   Reference library

Adrian De Gifis

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Secretary for the Umayyad caliphs *Hisham b. ‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwan (r. 724–43) and *Marwan II (r. 744–50).

‘Abd Allah b. al-‘Abbas

‘Abd Allah b. al-‘Abbas (688)   Reference library

Rasheed Hosein and Andrew Marsham

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

was a son of one of the Prophet *Muhammad’s uncles. In the period after Muhammad’s death, Ibn ‘Abbas

‘Abd Allah b. al-Zubayr

‘Abd Allah b. al-Zubayr (624–91/2)   Reference library

Nicola Clarke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

*Caliph (r. c.684–91/2) during the Second *Arab Civil War (*Fitna). Grandson of the first

‘Abd Allah b. Mu‘awiya

‘Abd Allah b. Mu‘awiya (748)   Reference library

Adrian De Gifis

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Great-grandson of Ja‘far b. Abi Talib (brother of *‘Ali) and contender for the imamate (744–8). With Zaydi support,

‘Abd Allah b. Shihab al-Zuhri

‘Abd Allah b. Shihab al-Zuhri (742)   Reference library

Rasheed Hosein

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

One of the most important figures in the formation, development, and interpretation of the Islamic tradition, al-Zuhri is viewed positively

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar (693)   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A son of the *caliph *‘Umar b. al-Khattab, famous for his character and scrupulousness in the transmission

‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwān

‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwān (646–705)   Reference library

Nicola Clarke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

*Umayyad *caliph (r. 685 or 692–705), builder of the *Dome of the Rock on Temple Mount, *

‘Abd al-Rahman b. al-Ash‘ath

‘Abd al-Rahman b. al-Ash‘ath (704)   Reference library

Nicola Clarke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Arab military commander and rebel. ‘Abd al-Rahman sided with *‘Abd al-Malik during the Second *Arab Civil War (

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