Aaron Reference library
was the elder brother of *Moses. After the liberation of the Jews from their bondage in Egypt (Exod. 1: 8–14: 30), and after God had appeared to Moses on Mt. Sinai, Moses established the ...
abacus Reference library
A flat block of masonry on the top of a *capital, which is the transition from the capital to the architrave. In the Doric Order (...
Abarquh Reference library
Iranian town in northern Fars province. A prosperous center in medieval times, by the 10th century it was fortified with
Abbasid Reference library
Islamic dynasty that ruled from several capitals in Iraq between 749 and 1258. The Abbasids traced their descent from
abbey Reference library
A monastery or religious community of monks or nuns, presided over by an *abbot or abbess. Normally the community began with twelve men or women, but often a newly founded community might have fewer, though a very large community might number from 100 to 200 members. The buildings are self-contained and male monasteries were often founded in desolate places (...
abbot, abbess Reference library
(Aramaic Abba, father) The superior, usually elected for life, of a community of monks or nuns of certain religious Orders, principally ...
῾Abd al-Hayy (fl. c.1374) Reference library
(fl. c.1374; d. Samarkand, 1405).
Illustrator and painter. According to the Safavid chronicler Dust
῾Abd al-Samad (b. before 1517) Reference library
(b. before 1517; fl. c.1535–1600).
Iranian miniature painter, calligrapher and courtier, active also in
῾Abdallah Khan (fl. c.1810–50) Reference library
Persian painter and architect. Trained in the apprentice system in royal workshops, he rose through
῾Abdallah Sayrafi (fl.1310–44) Reference library
(b. ?Tabriz; fl.1310–44).
Calligrapher. The son of Khwaja Mahmud Sarraf al-Tabrizi, he was a pupil of