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9/11

9/11   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
655 words
Illustration(s):
1

The term “9/11” is shorthand for the events of 11 September 2001. On that date, four U.S. planes were

Aaland Islands

Aaland Islands   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
111 words

Some 6,500 islands in the Gulf of Bothnia, between Finland and Sweden. They were part of Sweden until 1809,

Abacha, Sani

Abacha, Sani (20 Sept. 1943)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
193 words

Born in northern Nigeria of the Hausa people, he was educated at the local government college before entering the army

Abbas, Ferhat

Abbas, Ferhat (24 Aug. 1899)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
125 words

A student of chemistry, he founded a Muslim students' association in 1924. Abbas fought in the French army from

Abbas, Mahmoud

Abbas, Mahmoud (26 Mar. 1935)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
379 words

Born in a town near the Sea of Galilee, he fled to Syria in 1948, and studied both in

Abbott, Tony

Abbott, Tony (4 Nov. 1957)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
254 words

Born in the UK, he arrived in Australia with his parents in 1960. He studied economics and law at

Abboud, Ibrahim

Abboud, Ibrahim (26 Oct. 1900)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
102 words

Educated at Gordon College, Khartoum, he became a soldier and, after distinguished service with the British army in World War

Abd al-Ilah ibn Ali ibn Hussein

Abd al-Ilah ibn Ali ibn Hussein (1913)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
122 words

The grandson of *Hussein ibn Ali, he became regent of Iraq for his 4-year-old cousin *Faisal II

Abd el-Krim

Abd el-Krim (1882)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
183 words

Educated at Fes, he became a teacher and journalist, and then rose through the ranks of the Spanish administration of

Abdication Crisis

Abdication Crisis (UK)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
173 words

This crisis in the British establishment was provoked by King *Edward VIII's desire to marry a twice-divorced American,

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