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## Aalen model Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
56 words
Illustration(s):
1

A *linear regression model describing the manner in which the *expected value of a response variable, Z(...

## absolute value Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
41 words
Illustration(s):
1

For any real number the absolute value (also called the *modulus) of denoted by is itself if and ...

## acceptance–rejection algorithm Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
179 words
Illustration(s):
1

A method for generating values of a *continuous random variable for use in a *simulation. Suppose that the random variable ...

## access vector Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
90 words
Illustration(s):
1

A vector that is used in the representation of a *ragged array. For example, the elements of a

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
202 words
Illustration(s):
1

In its simplest form, a digital electronic device that performs the operation of addition on two binary digits, the augend

## addition ((of complex numbers)) Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
121 words
Illustration(s):
1

Let the complex numbers z 1 and z 2, where z 1=a+bi and z 2=...

## addition ((of vectors)) Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
189 words
Illustration(s):
1

Given vectors a and b, let and be *directed line segments that represent a and b, with the same initial point ...

## addition law for probabilities Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
161 words
Illustration(s):
5

Law stating that if two events (see sample space) A and B are *mutually exclusive thenFor example, the ...

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
95 words
Illustration(s):
1

For a *simple graph G, with n vertices v 1, v 2,…, v n , the adjacency matrix A...

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
24 words
Illustration(s):
1

A pair of angles on a straight line formed by a line or half-line meeting it. Adjacent angles will add to 180°....

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
137 words
Illustration(s):
2

The adjoint of a square matrix A, denoted by adj A, is the transpose of the matrix of cofactors of ...

## agglomerative clustering methods Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
193 words
Illustration(s):
1
Methods for grouping *multivariate data into clusters (see cluster analysis). Suppose there are n data items. The agglomerative clustering methods start by regarding these as ... More

## alternating renewal process Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
93 words
Illustration(s):
1

A *renewal process in which the process alternates between states A and B. Let the average length of a period in state ...

## ambiguous case Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
153 words
Illustration(s):
1
The case where two sides of a triangle are known, and an acute angle which is not the angle between the known sides. There can often be two possible triangles which satisfy all the given ... More

## ambiguous grammar Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
98 words
Illustration(s):
1

A *context-free grammar that derives the same word by different *derivation trees, or equivalently by different *

## Anderson–Darling test Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
184 words
Illustration(s):
1

A general test, published in 1952, that compares the fit of the observed *cumulative distribution function with that expected. It was derived by ...

## AND gate Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
69 words
Illustration(s):
1

An electronic *logic gate whose output is logic 1 (true) only when all (two or more) inputs are logic

## AND operation Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
134 words
Illustration(s):
1

The logical *connective combining two statements, truth values, or formulas P and Q in such a way that the

## Andrews plot Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
164 words
Illustration(s):
2

A plot suggested in 1972 by the American David Andrews as an alternative method to *Chernoff faces for representing ...

## angle ((between lines in the plane)) Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
102 words
Illustration(s):
1

In coordinate geometry of the plane, the angle α between two lines with gradients m 1 and m 2 is given by ...

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