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Abraham

Abraham   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

Abraham or Avraham (at first Abram, or Ibrahim in Arabic) is a central figure in Hebrew mythology as developed in

Adam and Eve

Adam and Eve   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

A central story in Hebrew mythology contained in the first chapter of the biblical book of Genesis, sacred to

Aesop

Aesop   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

Aesop was the legendary sixth- century b.c.e. composer of Greek fables, some actually dating from as early as the seventh

Africa

Africa   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

Sahara, The West Coast, East and South Africa, Madagascar

Mythologies abound in Africa. Tribes possess their own traditions, and even

Agamemnon

Agamemnon   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

Perhaps a real king of ancient Argos, with his capital at Mycenae in about 1300 b.c.e., Agamemnon was

Amaterasu

Amaterasu (East Asia)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

The Japanese sun goddess. Her myths are the most important of the indigenous faith, Shinto, ‘the way of the gods.’

America

America   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

North America, Central America, South America

Men entered the American continents from Siberia over a temporary land link during the

Annunciation

Annunciation   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

In Christianity the term “Annunciation” refers to the angel Gabriel's announcement to the Virgin Mary that she will become the

Aphrodite

Aphrodite (Europe)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

The Greek goddess of love. Unlike her Roman counterpart Venus, with whom she was identified, Aphrodite was not only a

Apocalypse

Apocalypse   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

In religious studies the Apocalypse has a specific meaning relating to the meaning of the word in Greek, that is,

Arachne

Arachne   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

The Lydian maiden Arachne was so proud of her abilities as a weaver that she challenged the goddess Athene to

Asclepius

Asclepius   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

A Greek physician and sometimes god, Asclepius (Aesculapius) was fathered by Apollo and taught healing and hunting by the centaur

Astarte

Astarte   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

This important goddess in ancient Canaan was called Ashtoreth in Hebrew and was possibly identical to the goddess named Anath.

Avalokiteshvara

Avalokiteshvara   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

Perhaps the most popular figure in Mahayana Buddhism, Avalokiteshvara is a bodhisattva of compassion who originated in northern India.

Aztec mythology

Aztec mythology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

In the mid-thirteenth century a wandering Nahuatl-speaking group known as the Mexica came into the Valley of Mexico and in

Balkan mythology

Balkan mythology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

In what are the present-day Balkans, ancient Slavic migrants encountered and at least partly assimilated Albanian-speaking Indo-Europeans, whose linguistic

Bear myths and cults

Bear myths and cults   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

In what are possibly Neanderthal cave “sanctuaries” high in the Alps, skulls are set into “altar” niches, suggesting a worshipping

Bodhisattva

Bodhisattva   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

Depending on the sect of Buddhism, the word “bodhisattva” has essentially two meanings. Literally, a bodhisattva is a person

Buddha

Buddha (South and Central Asia)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

Gautama Siddartha (c. 563–479 bc), the prince from present day Nepal who became the Buddha, ‘the Enlightened

Buddha

Buddha   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

“Buddha” or “the Buddha” is a name usually applied to the Buddha Sakyamuni, otherwise known as Gautama Buddha.

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