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Aelia Capitolina

Aelia Capitolina   Reference library

Robert Schick

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,342 words
Illustration(s):
1

The destruction of Jerusalem in 70 c.e. at the end of the Jewish Revolt was a watershed event in the

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

Oded Borowski

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,683 words
Illustration(s):
1

The term “agriculture” pertains to the cultivation of the soil in order to produce food and other useful and appreciated

Arad

Arad   Reference library

Zeאev Herzog

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,675 words
Illustration(s):
1

The mound of ancient Arad is located at the southern slope of the Judean Hills, facing the Beersheba Valley. This

Art, Bronze and Iron Age

Art, Bronze and Iron Age   Reference library

Izak Cornelius

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,451 words
Illustration(s):
3

Objects discovered in archaeological excavations in the southern Levant (Israel/Palestine, the Holy Land) identified as “art” are discussed. The first

Art, Hellenistic and Roman Period

Art, Hellenistic and Roman Period   Reference library

Achim Lichtenberger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,440 words
Illustration(s):
6

The modern term “art” in the context of materiality describes the products of human activity in creating objects that in

Ashdod

Ashdod   Reference library

David Ben-Shlomo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
3,957 words
Illustration(s):
2

The site of Tel Ashdod is located in the industrial zone south of the modern city of Ashdod (3.7 miles

Ashkelon

Ashkelon   Reference library

Adam J. Aja

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,734 words
Illustration(s):
3

Ashkelon is a 148.3 acre (60 ha) mound located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The site was founded

Beth-Shean, Roman and Byzantine Period

Beth-Shean, Roman and Byzantine Period   Reference library

Gabriel Mazor

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
6,955 words
Illustration(s):
1

Settled over Tel Beth-Shean (Tel el-Husn, the “Fortress Mound”), at the southern bank of Harod Stream that bisects Beth-Shean Valley,

Bible and Historical Geography

Bible and Historical Geography   Reference library

Yigal Levin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,758 words
Illustration(s):
1

The term “historical geography” is used in different ways by members of different scholarly disciplines. To the geographer, especially the

Caesarea

Caesarea   Reference library

Joseph Patrich

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
6,858 words
Illustration(s):
1

Caesarea was founded by King Herod the Great (r. 37–4 b.c.e.) in the years 22–10 b.c.e. on the Mediterranean

Capernaum

Capernaum   Reference library

Stefano De Luca

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
8,467 words
Illustration(s):
1

The Hebrew toponym Kĕfar Naḥum (Village of Naḥum) was transliterated in the Greek of the New Testament (Matt 4:13

Cooking

Cooking   Reference library

Cynthia Shafer-Elliott

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,370 words
Illustration(s):
1

Syro–Palestinian archaeology and biblical studies have traditionally focused on places and people of prestige, such as temples, palaces, fortifications, and

Corinth

Corinth   Reference library

Cavan W. Concannon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
6,664 words
Illustration(s):
1

The city of Corinth sits on the northeast corner of the Peloponnesus, where a small stretch of land (the isthmus)

Dan

Dan   Reference library

David Ilan

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,469 words
Illustration(s):
2

Tel Dan (Tell el-Qadi in Arabic) is located at the northeast end of the Hula Valley, at the foot

Death and Burial in the Jewish Diaspora

Death and Burial in the Jewish Diaspora   Reference library

Karen B. Stern

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
6,303 words
Illustration(s):
1

Mortuary contexts contain the majority of archaeological evidence available for the study of Jews in the Greco–Roman Diaspora. While cemeteries

Death and Burial in the Roman World

Death and Burial in the Roman World   Reference library

Nicola Denzey Lewis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,221 words
Illustration(s):
1

There are virtually no Roman accounts of the process of death and dying before the fourth century c.e., but

Death and Burial, Hellenistic and Roman Period, Palestine

Death and Burial, Hellenistic and Roman Period, Palestine   Reference library

Byron R. McCane

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,199 words
Illustration(s):
2

Rituals of death and burial appear in every known human society. Categorized by sociologists as “rites of passage,” these rituals

Domestic Architecture, Hellenistic and Roman Period

Domestic Architecture, Hellenistic and Roman Period   Reference library

Peter Oakes

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,740 words
Illustration(s):
2

In one of the fullest depictions of an ancient domestic interior, Xenophon’s Ischomachos shows his new wife around his house.

Dress, Hellenistic and Roman Period

Dress, Hellenistic and Roman Period   Reference library

Orit Shamir

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,556 words
Illustration(s):
4

The display of status and wealth through clothing in antiquity differed in time and space but gave clear messages. In

Ekron

Ekron   Reference library

David Ben-Shlomo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,508 words
Illustration(s):
1

The archaeological site of Ekron (Tel Miqne) is located about 21.7 miles (35 km) southwest of Jerusalem and 2.8 miles

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