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43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,543 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

1 General introduction 2 Writing systems 3 Dating systems 4 Book forms 5 Printed books

1 General introduction

The region of

aback

aback   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
128 words
Illustration(s):
2

the situation of the sails of a square-rigged ship when the yards are trimmed to bring the wind to bear

ʿAbbāsid Caliphate

ʿAbbāsid Caliphate   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,214 words
Illustration(s):
3

The rise of the ʿAbbāsid caliphate was the first fissure in Islamic culture; it would eventually result in the Shīʿī

ABDA (American-British-Dutch-Australian) command

ABDA (American-British-Dutch-Australian) command   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
109 words
Illustration(s):
1

covering Burma, Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines (with the north-western part of Australia included from 24 January

Abdülhamid II

Abdülhamid II   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,256 words
Illustration(s):
1

Abdülhamid II (1842–1918) was the thirty-fourth Ottoman sultan (r. 1876–1909). A profound political and economic crisis

Ablutions

Ablutions   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
998 words
Illustration(s):
2

A practice that consists of washing, which introduces the Muslim into the state of ritual purity (ṭuhr) and

Abolition

Abolition   Reference library

Sandra Jean Graham

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,414 words
Illustration(s):
1

From the mid-1830s through the Civil War, abolitionists systematically deployed songs as spiritual weaponry in the fight to eradicate slavery

about

about   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
115 words
Illustration(s):
1

a term used in sailing, meaning across the wind in relation to the bow of a sailing vessel. Thus, when

Abraham

Abraham   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

Abraham or Avraham (at first Abram, or Ibrahim in Arabic) is a central figure in Hebrew mythology as developed in

Abramovich, Pinchas

Abramovich, Pinchas (1909)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
282 words
Illustration(s):
1

This artist studied at the academy in Kovno (now Kaunas, Lithuania) in 1925; he emigrated to Palestine in 1929 and

Absent Information in Integrative Environmental and Health Risk Communication

Absent Information in Integrative Environmental and Health Risk Communication   Reference library

Jari Lyytimäki and Timo Assmuth

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health and Risk Message Design and Processing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
8,425 words
Illustration(s):
2

Introduction

The importance of relevant information and therefore implicitly also of absent information is crucial in risk communication. Various types

Accelerated Cost Recovery System

Accelerated Cost Recovery System (USA)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
87 words
Illustration(s):
1

The depreciation schedules established for tax purposes by the Economic Recovery Act of 1981 and subsequently modified by the Tax

accordion book

accordion book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
155 words
Illustration(s):
1

Book format in which the individual leaves are conjoined sequentially to fold out, rather than the more conventional structure, in

Accounting and Bookkeeping

Accounting and Bookkeeping   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,193 words
Illustration(s):
1

Over the course of established human history, accounting information and business have had an interdependent relationship, in which each has

Acculturation And Intergroup Communication

Acculturation And Intergroup Communication   Reference library

Richard Y. Bourhis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Intergroup Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
10,722 words
Illustration(s):
2

Introduction

We have room for one language here, and that is the English language, for we intend to see that

Acid Rain and Acid Deposition

Acid Rain and Acid Deposition   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
3,122 words
Illustration(s):
7

Acid rain is a colloquial term that refers to acids and associated compounds in rainfall, cloud water, snow, and airborne

Acid Rain and Acid Deposition

Acid Rain and Acid Deposition   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
3,165 words
Illustration(s):
2

Acid rain is a colloquial term that refers to acids and associated compounds in rainfall, cloud water, snow, and airborne

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
6,732 words
Illustration(s):
2

This entry comprises two articles. The introductory article provides a discussion of the origins and phylogeny of HIV; the companion

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in Africa: An Interpretation

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in Africa: An Interpretation   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,195 words
Illustration(s):
1

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a fatal disease caused by the slow-acting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Acre, Siege of

Acre, Siege of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
929 words
Illustration(s):
1

The epic siege of Acre began on 27/8 August 1189 and lasted until 12 July 1191; it was the

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