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ACT‐R architecture

ACT‐R architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,468 words
Illustration(s):
1

ACT‐R (Adaptive Control of Thought, Rational) is an architecture of cognition created by John Anderson in 1991 (Anderson

action, scientific perspectives

action, scientific perspectives   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,815 words
Illustration(s):
1

A number of recent studies have suggested that, in healthy subjects, the predicted sensory consequences of movement are available to

Adrian, Edgar Douglas

Adrian, Edgar Douglas   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,172 words
Illustration(s):
1

1st Baron Adrian (1889–1977). Adrian was born in London and educated at Westminster School, where he became a

after-effect, perceptual

after-effect, perceptual   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,394 words
Illustration(s):
1

A distortion occurring after prolonged sensory stimulation by alternating patterns. While there are early reports of effects which with hindsight

after‐effects, perceptual

after‐effects, perceptual   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,772 words
Illustration(s):
2

Exposure to a sensory stimulus can produce illusory perceptual experiences immediately following this exposure period. The period of initial stimulation

ageing: sensory and perceptual changes

ageing: sensory and perceptual changes   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,053 words
Illustration(s):
2

Since a person can deal efficiently with his social and physical environment only if his sensory and perceptual processes are

aggressive behaviour

aggressive behaviour   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,028 words
Illustration(s):
1

Behaviour directed towards causing physical injury to another person must clearly be labelled as aggressive, but beyond that hard core

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,982 words
Illustration(s):
1

A progressive neurodegenerative form of dementia. In the early stages it is marked by a memory deficit. Patients have increasing

anaesthesia and consciousness

anaesthesia and consciousness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,700 words
Illustration(s):
3

Everybody wants to have a hand in a great discovery. All I will do is to give you a hint

anarchic hand

anarchic hand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,348 words
Illustration(s):
1

Anarchic hand (AH) refers to the occurrence of complex movements of one hand that are apparently directed to

animal metacognition and consciousness

animal metacognition and consciousness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,155 words
Illustration(s):
2

Humans monitor their states of knowing and remembering, of certainty and doubt, and respond appropriately to these states by rethinking

anosognosia

anosognosia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,025 words
Illustration(s):
1

The term ‘anosognosia' indicates the denial of one's own disease or deficit. It can be observed in association with many

arousal vs awareness

arousal vs awareness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,438 words
Illustration(s):
2

There is at present no satisfactory, universally accepted definition of consciousness. For the purposes of clinical neurosciences, consciousness consists of

art and visual abstraction

art and visual abstraction   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,613 words
Illustration(s):
6

The following attempts to demonstrate the role played by abstractive processes of contour, areal contrast, body axes, and movement in

artificial grammar learning

artificial grammar learning   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,606 words
Illustration(s):
1

A grammar is a way of specifying how elements should be ordered. One sort of grammar is a finite state

asylums: a historical survey

asylums: a historical survey   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,039 words
Illustration(s):
1

In England the care of the insane in special asylums dates from the 18th century and institutional care on a

attention and awareness

attention and awareness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,377 words
Illustration(s):
1

In normal perception, attention and awareness are hand in glove and thus almost impossible to tell apart. The precise relation

attention psychophysical approaches

attention psychophysical approaches   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,614 words
Illustration(s):
3

Attention is the mechanism that allows us to selectively process the vast amount of information that we receive and to

attention, neural basis

attention, neural basis   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,590 words
Illustration(s):
5

Natural visual scenes are cluttered and contain many different objects. However, the capacity of the visual system to process information

attentional blink

attentional blink   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,133 words
Illustration(s):
1

The attentional blink (AB) is a temporary state of poor awareness of current stimuli, lasting about half a

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