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Abject

Abject   Reference library

Barbara Creed

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,775 words
Illustration(s):
1

The conventional meaning of abjection signifies “a state of being cast off” or of feeling in a low or debased

Abolitionism

Abolitionism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,484 words
Illustration(s):
1

Abolitionism is the principle of outlawing the slave trade and the institution of slavery. In the eighteenth century, the intellectual

Abstract Expressionism

Abstract Expressionism   Reference library

Caroline A. Jones

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,787 words
Illustration(s):
2

The art movement known as abstract expressionism was characterized by gestural and/or nonobjective paintings and direct-welded metal sculptures. Also known

Abstraction

Abstraction   Reference library

Lucian Krukowski and Marek Wieczorek

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
5,697 words
Illustration(s):
2

This entry comprises two essays: Philosophical Perspective Contemporary Perspective

The first offers a philosophical analysis of the modern history of

Abstraction

Abstraction   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,115 words
Illustration(s):
1

In its aesthetic use, the term abstraction refers to a historical style, primarily in the visual arts, in which representational

Acoustics

Acoustics   Reference library

Alexander Rehding

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,706 words
Illustration(s):
2

Acoustics, from the Greek akoustikón (pertaining to hearing), is concerned with the generation, transmission, perception, or effects of sound. Acoustics

ACT‐R architecture

ACT‐R architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,468 words
Illustration(s):
1

ACT‐R (Adaptive Control of Thought, Rational) is an architecture of cognition created by John Anderson in 1991 (Anderson

action, scientific perspectives

action, scientific perspectives   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,815 words
Illustration(s):
1

A number of recent studies have suggested that, in healthy subjects, the predicted sensory consequences of movement are available to

Adinkra

Adinkra   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
1,362 words
Illustration(s):
1

Adinkra are visual forms that first achieved prominence among the Akan linguistic group whose members are now part of Ghana

Adrian, Edgar Douglas

Adrian, Edgar Douglas   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,172 words
Illustration(s):
1

1st Baron Adrian (1889–1977). Adrian was born in London and educated at Westminster School, where he became a

Afikpo

Afikpo   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
1,145 words
Illustration(s):
1

The Afikpo are a small subgroup of the Igbo, the largest ethnic group in southeastern Nigeria. The Afikpo account for

African Art

African Art   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
4,673 words
Illustration(s):
1

This entry contains two subentries: An Overview; and Contemporary African Art.

African Aesthetics

African Aesthetics   Reference library

Barry Hallen

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,682 words
Illustration(s):
1

In academic (Western) scholarship, the systematic study of indigenous African aesthetic criteria really just began during the last decades of

after-effect, perceptual

after-effect, perceptual   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,394 words
Illustration(s):
1

A distortion occurring after prolonged sensory stimulation by alternating patterns. While there are early reports of effects which with hindsight

after‐effects, perceptual

after‐effects, perceptual   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,772 words
Illustration(s):
2

Exposure to a sensory stimulus can produce illusory perceptual experiences immediately following this exposure period. The period of initial stimulation

ageing: sensory and perceptual changes

ageing: sensory and perceptual changes   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,053 words
Illustration(s):
2

Since a person can deal efficiently with his social and physical environment only if his sensory and perceptual processes are

aggressive behaviour

aggressive behaviour   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,028 words
Illustration(s):
1

Behaviour directed towards causing physical injury to another person must clearly be labelled as aggressive, but beyond that hard core

Alberti, Leon Battista

Alberti, Leon Battista (1404–1472)   Reference library

Mark Jarzombek

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,647 words
Illustration(s):
1

Alberti wrote on a wide variety of subjects and in different genres including dialogues, plays, tales, and treatises. He took

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,982 words
Illustration(s):
1

A progressive neurodegenerative form of dementia. In the early stages it is marked by a memory deficit. Patients have increasing

anaesthesia and consciousness

anaesthesia and consciousness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,700 words
Illustration(s):
3

Everybody wants to have a hand in a great discovery. All I will do is to give you a hint

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