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Abbott, George

Abbott, George (1887–1995)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
425 words
Illustration(s):
1

(1887–1995).

Stage and film director, writer, and producer. One of Broadway's most successful and durable directors, his

Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan

Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan (18 Feb. 1929)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
313 words
Illustration(s):
1

He received the Central Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 1987.

At an early age he learnt vocal music and

Abdul Karim Khan

Abdul Karim Khan (11 Nov. 1872)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
1,572 words
Illustration(s):
1

Abdul Karim's early training was from his father Abdulla Khan. This was followed by lessons in dhrupad from

Abid Hussain Khan

Abid Hussain Khan (1867) (Tablā)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
262 words
Illustration(s):
1

He was trained by his father Mohammad Khan (d. 1879) and his elder brother Munne Khan, successively.

Abolition

Abolition   Reference library

Sandra Jean Graham

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,414 words
Illustration(s):
1

From the mid-1830s through the Civil War, abolitionists systematically deployed songs as spiritual weaponry in the fight to eradicate slavery

accidental

accidental   Reference library

Anthony Pryer

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
436 words
Illustration(s):
1
A sign used in musical notation either for a note outside the given key of a piece of music or to cancel such a note. The sharp raises the note before which it is placed by one semitone; ... More
Accordion

Accordion (1905)   Reference library

Helmi Strahl Harrington and Gerhard Kubik

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
5,304 words
Illustration(s):
2

Term applied to a number of portable free-reed aerophones. Their common features include a mechanical keyboard under each hand, manipulated

Acoustics

Acoustics   Reference library

Carleen M. Hutchins, J. Woodhouse, Carleen M. Hutchins, Daniel W. Martin, Stephen Birkett, Anne Beetem Acker, Arthur H. Benade, Murray Campbell, Robert W. Pyle, Thomas D. Rossing, and Johan Sundberg

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
23,637 words
Illustration(s):
20

Term that can embrace all aspects of the science of sound and hearing, but is here treated in the specific

acoustics

acoustics   Reference library

John Borwick

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
4,530 words
Illustration(s):
5
Acoustics is the science of sound and hearing. Sound is a form of energy and involves vibratory motion. When a piano is played in a concert hall, for example, the energy exerted by the ... More
Adler, Larry

Adler, Larry (10 Feb 1914)   Reference library

Ivor Beynon and Ryan Raul Bañagale

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
391 words
Illustration(s):
1

He was acknowledged as the first harmonica player to achieve recognition and acceptance in classical musical circles and to have

Adler, Richard

Adler, Richard   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
318 words
Illustration(s):
1

Stage songwriting team. A short-lived but potent collaboration, they were unusual in that both wrote music and lyrics. Adler (

Adriana Lecouvreur

Adriana Lecouvreur   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,485 words
Illustration(s):
1

Opera in four acts by Francesco Cilea to a libretto by Arturo Colautti after Eugène Scribe and Ernest Legouvé's play

African American music

African American music   Reference library

Guthrie P. Ramsey Jr.

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
10,113 words
Illustration(s):
3

A term applied to distinct configurations of sound organization linked historically and socially to people of African descent living within

Afrika Bambaataa

Afrika Bambaataa (10 April 1960)   Reference library

David Toop and Margaret Jackson

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
559 words
Illustration(s):
1

DJ Afrika Bambaataa's musical eclecticism and his vision of African American unity helped to shape rap music's early sound, and

Ain't Misbehavin'

Ain't Misbehavin'   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
198 words
Illustration(s):
1

(Longacre Theatre 1978). Arguably the finest musical revue seen on Broadway since the last holdouts of the genre in

Ālāpini Veeṇā

Ālāpini Veeṇā   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
99 words
Illustration(s):
1

A variation of the single-stringed veena of the medieval period.

The stem (danḍā), made of bamboo, was 90 cm long

Albert Herring

Albert Herring   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,227 words
Illustration(s):
1

Comic opera in three acts, op.39, by Benjamin Britten to a libretto by Eric Crozier, after Guy de Maupassant's

Alberti bass

Alberti bass   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
83 words
Illustration(s):
1
A type of accompaniment to a melody, most commonly found in keyboard music, which consists of a series of ‘broken chords’ treated as shown in Ex. 1. It takes its name from the 18th-century ... More
Alceste (ii)

Alceste (ii)   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
5,755 words
Illustration(s):
1

Italian version: Tragedia in three acts by Christoph Willibald Gluck to a libretto by Ranieri de' Calzabigi after Euripides; Vienna,

Alexander's Ragtime Band

Alexander's Ragtime Band   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
308 words
Illustration(s):
1

(Fox 1938). The first of a handful of nostalgic films utilizing the vast Irving Berlin song catalog, this musical

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