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Abydos

Abydos   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
3,021 words
Illustration(s):
1

a site, ancient ʒbḏw, situated in the ancient Thinite nome (eighth Upper Egyptian nome) in southern Egypt (26°11′N 31°55′E).

Amarna, Tell El-

Amarna, Tell El-   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
3,526 words
Illustration(s):
1

site of the New Kingdom capital of the eighteenth dynasty king Amenhotpe IV/Akhenaten (r. 1372–1355bce), built

Aniba

Aniba   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
702 words
Illustration(s):
1

ancient Miam (Mjʿm), was founded during the Middle Kingdom, perhaps under Senwosret I (22°40′N, 32°01′E). During the New Kingdom,

Art

Art   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
6,160 words
Illustration(s):
1

The ancient Egyptians “depicted in their temples what was beautiful and how it was beautiful…it had long been recognized that

Artists and Artisans

Artists and Artisans   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
3,576 words
Illustration(s):
1

Egyptologists long debated whether the statuary, painting, and relief created during the three millennia of pharaonic history could properly be

Astrology

Astrology   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
1,698 words
Illustration(s):
1

During Predynastic and pharaonic times, astronomy was almost entirely devoted to keeping track of time and making calendars, with the

Astronomy

Astronomy   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
5,031 words
Illustration(s):
1

The oldest possibly astronomically inspired monuments on record consist of a series of aligned megalithic structures and stone circles found

Aswan

Aswan   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
2,105 words
Illustration(s):
1

a town on the eastern bank of the Nile, at the foot of the First Cataract (24°05′N, 32°54′E). The modern

Aten

Aten   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
1,770 words
Illustration(s):
1

The word Aten, which signifies the disk of the sun, is a term that first appears in the Middle

Banquets

Banquets   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
1,340 words
Illustration(s):
1

Information concerning banquets in ancient Egypt is scarce, with the richest source of evidence being tomb scenes. Some further evidence

Bersheh

Bersheh   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
1,445 words
Illustration(s):
1

village across from present-day Mallawi (province el-Minia), on the eastern side of the Nile River. Deir el-Bersheh (often called Bersheh

Birds

Birds   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
2,029 words
Illustration(s):
1

Located at the northeastern corner of the African continent, Egypt is on a major migratory flyway for birds of the

Bread

Bread   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
1,329 words
Illustration(s):
1

Central to the ancient Egyptian diet were beer and bread. Both were consumed at every meal, by everyone, and no

Cartography

Cartography   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
1,572 words
Illustration(s):
1

the study of maps and their construction, especially as graphic representations of spatial relationships—the distribution of places, objects, or other

Ceremonial Mace Heads

Ceremonial Mace Heads   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
1,460 words
Illustration(s):
1

In Predynastic cultures, maces were a popular type of weapon; later they were a symbol of authority. As the preserved

Coffins, Sarcophagi, and Cartonnages

Coffins, Sarcophagi, and Cartonnages   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
6,036 words
Illustration(s):
1

The distinction between the three terms for containers to protect a mummified corpse is conventional. Coffins may be made of

Crocodiles

Crocodiles   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
965 words
Illustration(s):
1

The Nile crocodile (Crocodilus niloticus) was called msḫ in Old Egyptian and was referred to by some twenty

Crowns

Crowns   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
4,047 words
Illustration(s):
1

played a dominant role in the composition of the royal and the divine image: kings and gods were never represented

Dahshur

Dahshur   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
1,089 words
Illustration(s):
1

a site about 50 kilometers (40 miles) south of Cairo (20°40′N, 31°15′E). The present-day name derives from Coptic by way

Decipherment

Decipherment   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
2,683 words
Illustration(s):
2

In Hadrian's Gateway on the island of Philae, at ancient Egypt's southern border, is the last known hieroglyphic inscription, dated

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