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Achaea and the Achaean Confederacy

Achaea and the Achaean Confederacy   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
943 words
Illustration(s):
1

Achaea is a region occupying the northern Peloponnesus, from the Larisos River in the west to the Sythas River in

Acheloos Painter

Acheloos Painter (c. 525–c. 500bc)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
478 words
Illustration(s):
1

(fl c. 525–c. 500bc).

Greek vase painter. His name vase was a Black-figure neck amphora

Achilles

Achilles   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,945 words
Illustration(s):
1

The legendary hero Achilles was the most outstanding Greek warrior at Troy and the central figure of the Iliad.

Achilles

Achilles   Reference library

Andrew L. Brown

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,249 words
Illustration(s):
1

son of Peleus and Thetis; greatest of the Greek heroes in the Trojan War; central character of *Homer’s ...

Achilles Painter

Achilles Painter (c. 470–c. 425bc)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
954 words
Illustration(s):
1

(fl c. 470–c. 425bc).

Greek vase painter. He is named after an Attic Red-figure amphora

Acquarossa

Acquarossa   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
432 words
Illustration(s):
1

[It.: ‘red water’].

Modern name of an Etruscan settlement near Viterbo, Italy. It is situated on a small

Acropolis, Athenian

Acropolis, Athenian   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,127 words
Illustration(s):
1

Rising above the typical city-state (or polis) of ancient Greece was a high but accessible hill that functioned at various

Aeschylus

Aeschylus (525/4)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
5,578 words
Illustration(s):
1

(?525/4–456/5bce),

Athenian tragic dramatist. Aeschylus was born at Eleusis, a town ten miles (fifteen

Affecter

Affecter (c. 540–520bc)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
417 words
Illustration(s):
1

(fl c. 540–520bc).

Greek vase painter. This Attic Black-figure artist’s name derives from the distinctive mannered

Africa, Province of

Africa, Province of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,633 words
Illustration(s):
1

The term “Africa” was frequently used by Roman writers to refer to the whole of what is now the Maghreb

agora

agora   Reference library

Richard Allan Tomlinson

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
493 words
Illustration(s):
1
Greek term for an area where people gather together, most particularly for the political functions of the *polis, normally sited centrally in cities (as at Priene), or at least central to ... More
agricultural implements

agricultural implements   Reference library

Robin G. Osborne and M. Stephen Spurr

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
617 words
Illustration(s):
1
The *technology of Greek *agriculture was simple, and apparently underwent little development. Breaking up the ground, which was fundamental to sowing, weed-control, and preservation of ... More
Agriculture, Greek

Agriculture, Greek   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,257 words
Illustration(s):
1

Greece lies within the Mediterranean climate zone, where the main growing season for field crops occurs during the mild, rainy

Agriculture, Roman

Agriculture, Roman   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,253 words
Illustration(s):
1

As in all periods of antiquity, agriculture was the foundation of Roman society. The vast majority of the people worked

Ai Khanum

Ai Khanum   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
2,017 words
Illustration(s):
1

Site of a Hellenistic town of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom, located at the confluence of the Kokcha and Pyandzh rivers (tributaries

Aigai (ii)

Aigai (ii)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,072 words
Illustration(s):
2

Site of the first capital of the Macedonian dynasty, c. 64 km south-west of Thessaloniki, Greece, now the

Aigina

Aigina   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
3,755 words
Illustration(s):
4

Greek island in the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea, mid-way between Athens to the north and Argos to the

Ai Khanoum

Ai Khanoum   Reference library

Susan Mary Sherwin-White

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
267 words
Illustration(s):
1

(see Map 2a, Cb), Greek Hellenistic city excavated (1965–78) by the French archaeological delegation in Afghanistan, is situated in the eastern part of ...

Aizanoi

Aizanoi   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
767 words
Illustration(s):
1

[Lat. Aizani].

Site of Hellenistic and Roman city, 54 km south-west of Kütahya in Turkey. Its remains comprise a

Akragas

Akragas   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,499 words
Illustration(s):
3

[Lat. Agrigentum; now Agrigento].

Greek colony on the southern coast of Sicily. Believed to have been founded c.580

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