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Caliphs

Caliphs: 632 - 1517-1920  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
The death of Muhammad at Medina is followed by the election of the first caliph, Abu Bakr, a father-in-law of the prophet
Catholic and orthodox

Catholic and orthodox: c. 315 - 2006  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
Constantine founds several churches in Rome, among them the first St Peter's
Christianity

Christianity: c. 6 BCE - 2006  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
According to the Gospel account, Jesus Christ is born in Bethlehem two years before the death of Herod the Great - making the date 6 BC
Islam

Islam: c. 100 - 2005  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
Mecca develops into a place of pilgrimage, with a famous collection of idols in the Ka'ba
Judaism

Judaism: 3761 BCE - c. 1947  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
Later selected by Hebrew scholars as the date when the world began, this becomes the first year (AM 1) in Jewish chronology
Monasticism

Monasticism: c. 420 BCE - 1814  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
Buddha introduces a vigorous tradition of monasticism, in the order of Buddhist monks known as Sangha
Papacy

Papacy: c. 60 - 2006  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
St Peter, believed to have come to Rome as leader of the Christian community, is subsequently considered the first pope
Reformation

Reformation: 1309 - 1638  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
Clement V moves the papacy to Avignon, in a move which is expected to be temporary but which lasts for nearly seventy years
Religion

Religion: c. 4000 BCE - 2005  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion
A passage grave with a superb corbelled dome is constructed on the île Longue off the southern coast of Brittany

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