Georgei Ivanovitch Gurdjieff
(c. 1877—1949) Russian spiritual leader and occultist
esoteric thinker and teacher, born in Russia. In 1922 he founded the Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man at Fontainebleau, where K. Mansfield died. His ideas influenced A. Huxley, Isherwood, and Orage: his principal disciple was Ouspensky.