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Abbot, George

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
E. A. LivingstoneE. A. Livingstone

Abbot, George (1562–1633), 

Abp. of Canterbury from 1611. He became Master of University College, Oxford, in 1597. His Puritan sympathies brought him into conflict with the rising party of High Churchmen in the University, but he won James I’s favour by his mission to Scotland (1608), in which he persuaded the Presbyterians of the lawfulness of episcopacy. Preferment followed. As archbishop he was severe on RCs and partial to Calvinists at home and abroad. He encouraged the king’s attempt to secure the dismissal of C. Vorstius as an Arminian from his chair at Leiden and he ensured that England was represented at the Synod of Dort (1618). The strong line which he took over the Essex nullity suit (1613) won him respect and a temporary popularity. In 1621 he accidentally shot a gamekeeper and his position was considered to have become irregular; James decided in his favour and he resumed his duties. He crowned Charles I but had little influence in his reign.