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date: 22 April 2019

Constitution of the United States 1787
the first ten amendments are known as the Bill of Rights 

  1. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other persons.
    article 1, sect. 2
  2. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
    First Amendment (1791)
  3. A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
    Second Amendment (1791)
  4. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted.
    Eighth Amendment (1791)