Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE ( (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

Subscriber: null; date: 19 January 2019


A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen


Movement within Sunni Islam that advocates a literalist approach to Islam associated with the earliest Caliphs after the Prophet Mohammed. Salafi adherents believe the Quran and the Hadith, the words and actions of the Prophet Mohammed, constitute a pure and unadulterated form of Islam. Mohammed ibn Abd al-Wahhab called for the purging of idolatrous practices in the Arabian Peninsula in the mid-eighteenth century, although Salafism as a recognized movement emerged a century later in Egypt. The majority of Salafists seek to Islamize society through political participation and educational means rather than through violent extremism.