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Salafi

Source:
A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East
Author(s):

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen

Salafi 

Movement within Sunni Islam that advocates a literalist approach to Islam associated with the earliest Caliphs after the Prophet Mohammed. Salafi adherents believe the Quran and the Hadith, the words and actions of the Prophet Mohammed, constitute a pure and unadulterated form of Islam. Mohammed ibn Abd al-Wahhab called for the purging of idolatrous practices in the Arabian Peninsula in the mid-eighteenth century, although Salafism as a recognized movement emerged a century later in Egypt. The majority of Salafists seek to Islamize society through political participation and educational means rather than through violent extremism.